Mega-Texture Directories (extension: .MTD) in Petroglyph's are used to store a list of <image name, image info> pairs, essentially
a directory of images. The image info is a set of (X,Y) coordinates and Width x Height. This information describes a rectangle in another
image file, where this image is located.
By this method, many small images can be packed into one large image (the Mega-Texture) and located again through the accompanying directory.
Doing this saves overhead creating every small file.
Each Mega-Texture Directory begins with a header, followed by the image index table.
+0000h count uint32 ; Number of records in the Images Index Table
Image Index Table record:
+0000h name 64 bytes ; ASCII name of the image, zero-padded if less than 64 bytes long.
+0040h x uint32 ; X position in the Mega-Texture of the image, in pixels
+0048h y uint32 ; Y position in the Mega-Texture of the image, in pixels
+004Ch width uint32 ; Width of the image, in pixels
+0050h height uint32 ; Height of the image, in pixels
+0054h alpha uint8 ; 1 if this image uses the Alpha Channel
The format is pretty straightforward, and the alpha boolean for every image is pretty useless information.
The following information is critical if you plan on creating MTD files!
Because the Mega-Texture is created and used a texture on 3D primitives (although screen-align), round-off
sampling errors can still occur, potentially showing a single line of pixels from another image to either side
of the image.
To prevent this, all images have their border extended by one pixel when they are packed in the Mega-Texture.
However, the Image Index indicates the original area. This means that when packing additional images into a
Mega-Texture, the 1-pixel area around existing images should be treated as reserved and filled with the border
for new images.